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배주은쌤의 토플배경지식
학원명 : YBM 강남

게시일 : 2019.11.14

[강남YBM 토플] 배주은쌤의 토플배경지식 – 현대사진작가2



      자, 이번엔 Ansel Adams!


1902년 샌프란시스코 출신의 아담스는 풍경사진의 제일인자라네요. Edward Weston등 미국 서부의 사진가들을 중심으로 ‘F 64 그룹’(1932)에 참가, ‘스트레이트 사진에 의한 근대사진에 공헌한 아담스를 알아봅시다!



Ansel Adams was a visionary figure in nature photography and wilderness preservation. He is seen as an environmental folk hero and a symbol of the American West, especially of Yosemite National Park. Adams' dedication to wilderness preservation, his commitment to the Sierra Club, and of course, his signature black-and-white photographs inspire an appreciation for natural beauty and a strong conservation ethic.



Adams first visited Yosemite in 1916 -- only two years after John Muir's death and three months before the founding of the National Park Service -- and was transfixed by the beautiful valley. In 1919, at age 17, he had his first contact with the Sierra Club when he took a job as custodian of the Club's LeConte Memorial Lodge, the Club headquarters in Yosemite National Park. Adams' interest in photography grew and often brought him up to the mountains accompanied by a mule laden with photographic gear and supplies.



In 1927, Adams participated in the Club's annual outing, known as the High Trip, and, the next year, he became the Club's official trip photographer. In 1930 he became assistant manager of the outings which consisted of month-long excursions of up to 200 people. (잘 읽고 있는거죠 여러분? 이사람 꽤 잘 생겼죠? *^^*)

Adams' images were first used for environmental purposes when the Sierra Club was seeking the creation of a national park in the Kings River region of the Sierra Nevada. Adams lobbied Congress for a Kings Canyon National Park, the Club's priority issue in the 1930's, and created an impressive, limited-edition book, Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail, which influenced both Interior Secretary Harold Ickes and President Franklin Roosevelt to embrace the Kings Canyon Park idea. The park was created in 1940.

In 1968 Adams was awarded the Conservation Service Award, the Interior Department's highest civilian honor, "in recognition of your many years of distinguished work as a photographer, artist, interpreter and conservationist, a role in which your efforts have been of profound importance in the conservation of our great natural resources." In 1980 Adams received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, for "his efforts to preserve this country's wild and scenic areas, both on film and on earth.

Ansel Adams was a dedicated artist-activist, playing a seminal role in the growth of an environmental consciousness in the U.S. and the development of a citizen environmental movement. His photographs continue to inspire the artist and conservationist alike. (Retrived from https://www.sierraclub.org/history/ansel-adams/)